By Maria Teresita Ordaz Apolinar
The Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLAC) established in 1948 with the aim of contributing to the economic development of the region and coordinate actions to its promotion, presented in a report published in 2000 (“Youth, Population and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean”) the main challenges and opportunities for this important part of the population.
More tan 10 years have passed since the report was launched, and the conclusions remain as current as before. The governmental support to the youth in terms of public policies have to be more than ever dynamic, not only acknowledging the difficulties in the employment of young people as a global problem (according to figures from the international labor organization, unemployment among youth aged 15 to 24 increased from 12.4 to 16.6%, tripling the rate for adults; nearly half of the unemployed in the region are young) but also taking in account the several advantages that current generations enjoys in comparison with previous ones, when it comes to the use of news forms of technology, the decrease in mortality, and more access to education.
Youth in Latin America needs to be a channel for “a process of economic and social development that allows, at the same time, reduce poverty and socioeconomic inequality that endanger stability and coexistence, promote economic growth based on long-term- sustainable foundations, competitive in the global context, to improve the quality of life in the countries of the region. “.