By VLADISLAV CHERNIY, Institute for Cultural Diplomacy
“Hunger, for many, is perhaps an ignored truth. There are those who do not know about it. Others, perhaps, do not accept it and some do not even dare to mention it.” Enrique Peña Nieto, President of Mexico
World hunger refers to the second definition, aggregated to the world level. The related technical term (in this case operationalized in medicine) is either malnutrition, or, if malnutrition is taken to refer to both undernutrition and over-nutrition, undernutrition. Both malnutrition and undernutrition refer to not having enough food. Hunger is a term which has three meanings (Oxford English Dictionary 1971):
– the uneasy or painful sensation caused by want of food; craving appetite. Also the exhausted condition caused by want of food;
– the want or scarcity of food in a country;
– a strong desire or craving.
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that nearly 870 million people, or one in eight people in the world, were suffering from chronic undernourishment in 2010-2012. Almost all the hungry people, 852 million, live in developing countries, representing 15 percent of the population of developing counties. There are 16 million people undernourished in developed countries. 
To fight against this terrible global issue, the Mexican government launched at the beginning of this year a program called “Sin Hambre Cruzada Nacional” . The program wishes to assure nutrition for around 7.4 millions of Mexicans that are currently living in high conditions of poverty. Its particular goals are fighting against child malnutrition, encouraging the local farmers involved in the process of production of the food, and sustaining and promoting social participation from the part of the local communities.
To find more about the program please visit the official site of the Sin Hambre Cruzada Nacional.